Aprende a Catar – 3ª Parte (Las Variedades Tintas)

Si queremos profundizar en nuestros conocimientos enológicos, es necesario que aprendamos a reconocer los estilos y características organolépticas de las principales variedades de uva. A continuación, te ofrecemos una guía práctica con las tres variedades tintas de mayor consumo en el mundo, a fin de que pongas en práctica las técnicas de cata que has aprendido en nuestras anteriores entregas (Aprende a Catar 1ª Parte  –  Aprende a Catar 2ª Parte). 

Cabernet Sauvignon

Es una variedad francesa que se origina del cruce de otras dos variedades, la Cabernet Franc y la Sauvignon Blanc. Hoy en día es la variedad de mayor cultivo en el mundo por su adaptabilidad a diferentes terruños, y sus vinos se caracterizan por tener aromas intensos y un sabor persistente en boca gracias a la gran concentración de taninos y a sus altos niveles de alcohol. Los vinos Cabernet Sauvignon con crianza en madera suelen tener un gran potencial de guarda. La Cabernet Sauvignon es una variedad primordial para la elaboración de los grandes vinos ensamblados (Blend) de Bordeaux, Francia.

Estilo: Vinos corpulentos y tánicos

Aromas: Frutas Moras, Cereza, Pimientos, Especies, Madera, Tabaco.

Perfil Organoléptico:

Principales Regiones Vinícolas: Bordeaux (Francia), Languedoc Rousillon (Francia), Napa Valley (California), Valle Central (Chile), Mendoza (Argentina), Coonawarra (Australia).

Variedades Alternativas: Merlot, con taninos más suaves y mayor aroma de frutas rojas. Cabernet Franc, de menor cuerpo, pero con mayor acidez.

Pinot Noir

Variedad oriunda de Borgoña, Francia. Produce vinos secos, de medio cuerpo, de buena acidez, con intensidad aromática y taninos muy suaves y sedosos.

Estilo: Vinos tintos expresivos, vinosos y muy elegantes. Buen potencial de guarda.

Aromas: Frutas rojas (cereza, cassis, frambuesa), Florales (rosas, violetas), Vegetales (hongos, ruibarbo).

Perfil Organoléptico:

 Principales Regiones Vinícolas:

Borgoña (Francia), Sonoma (California), Rio Negro (Argentina), Otago (Nueva Zelanda).

Variedades Alternativas: Gamay, de menor cuerpo y abundantes aromas florales. Variedad emblemática de Beaujolais (Francia), en donde se producen extraordinarios vinos jóvenes sin paso por madera.


Vinos de mucho cuerpo e intensidad aromática que se dieron a conocer en la región del Ródano, Francia, en donde usualmente se les ensambla con otras variedades (Garnacha, Mourvedre, Cinsault). Son mundialmente conocidas las denominaciones de la Costa del Ródano: Chateuneuf du Pape, Côte Rotie y Hermitage.

Estilo: Vinos tintos corpulentos y con gran amplitud aromática. Buen potencial de guarda.

Aromas: Arándanos, frambuesas, ciruelas, pimienta negra, tabaco y productos cárnicos. Dependiendo del terruño, presenta aromas florales de violeta y lavanda.

Perfil Organoléptico:

Principales Regiones Vinícolas:

Côtes du Rhône (Francia), Mendoza y San Juan (Argentina), Central Valley (California), Columbia Valley (Washington), Hunter Valley (Australia).

Variedades Alternativas: Malbec, de similar cuerpo y taninos. No presenta aromas cárnicos, pero tiene mayor presencia de aromas de frutas moras, ciruelas y  notas de chocolate y café.


Ahora que ya conoces las diferencias entre estas tres variedades, debes ejercitar tus sentidos y aprender a diferenciar y apreciar las cualidades de cada vino. Para este propósito, es necesario que adquieras una botella de cada variedad; esto lo puedes realizar con un grupo de amigos para que no te salga tan costoso, además de que es mucho más divertido. Te recomiendo que compres vinos de mediano valor, que no sobrepasen los 12 meses de añejamiento en madera, a fin de que puedas percibir con mayor intensidad los aromas primarios característicos de cada variedad de uva. En caso de que no consigas un vino de alguna de las variedades, puedes realizar tu cata con las variedades alternativas que hemos propuesto.  

En nuestro próximo capítulo de Aprende a Catar, te estaremos presentando las principales variedades de uvas blancas. Mantente conectado a nuestro blog para que sigas aprendiendo y disfrutando del buen vino….Salud.


Recommended Articles


  1. Like!! I blog frequently and I really thank you for your content. The article has truly peaked my interest.

  2. I am regular visitor, how are you everybody? This article posted at this web site is in fact pleasant.

  3. Very good article! We are linking to this particularly great content on our site. Keep up the great writing.

  4. Nice post. I was checking continuously this
    weblog and I’m inspired! Very helpful information specifically the final phase :
    ) I deal with such information much. I was looking for this particular information for a very lengthy
    time. Thanks and good luck.

  5. Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins to
    help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get
    my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains.
    If you know of any please share. Thank you!

  6. I need to to thank you for this great read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it.
    I have you book marked to check out new stuff you post…

  7. Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break.
    I really like the information you provide here and can’t
    wait to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow,
    good blog!

  8. Great post. I was checking constantly this weblog and I
    am inspired! Extremely helpful info particularly the final section :
    ) I handle such information much. I used to be looking for this certain information for a long time.
    Thanks and best of luck.

  9. Good answers in return of this difficulty with solid arguments and telling the whole thing about that.

  10. This is very interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined
    your feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post.
    Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

  11. Can you tell us more about this? I’d love to find out some additional information.

  12. Thanks for every other informative site. Where else
    could I am getting that kind of info written in such a perfect method?
    I have a challenge that I am simply now operating on, and I’ve been on the look out
    for such info.

  13. Very shortly this web site will be famous amid all blog
    users, due to it’s pleasant articles or reviews

  14. I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this website.
    I’m hoping to see the same high-grade content from you later on as well.

    In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me
    to get my very own website now 😉

  15. Hey there are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own.
    Do you need any html coding expertise to make your own blog?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  16. Thanks very interesting blog!

  17. Hiya! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?

    My weblog looks weird when viewing from my iphone.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to fix this
    problem. If you have any suggestions, please share. Thank you!

  18. Hi there! I just would like to give you a big thumbs up for your
    great info you’ve got right here on this post. I am returning to your website for more

  19. This is my first time go to see at here and i am actually impressed to read all at one place.

  20. This design is spectacular! You most certainly know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start
    my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job.

    I really loved what you had to say, and more
    than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  21. Its such as you read my mind! You seem to grasp a lot approximately this, such
    as you wrote the book in it or something. I feel that you simply can do with a few
    percent to pressure the message house a little bit, however
    other than that, that is magnificent blog. A fantastic read.
    I’ll certainly be back.

  22. Hi, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Chrome, it looks fine but
    when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, terrific blog!

  23. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful
    if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers! cheap flights 31muvXS

  24. Heya i am for the primary time here. I found this board and I in finding It truly helpful & it helped me
    out a lot. I am hoping to present something again and aid others like you aided me.
    cheap flights 2CSYEon

  25. My brother recommended I would possibly like this website.

    He was once totally right. This publish truly made my day.
    You cann’t imagine just how so much time I had spent for this info!
    Thank you! yynxznuh cheap flights

  26. Pretty! This was a really wonderful article. Thanks for providing this information.
    32hvAj4 cheap flights

  27. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?

    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing months of
    hard work due to no backup. Do you have any solutions to prevent hackers?
    32hvAj4 cheap flights

  28. Hey there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through some of the
    post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll
    be book-marking and checking back often! 34pIoq5 cheap flights

  29. It’s in fact very complicated in this busy life to listen news on Television, so I just use world
    wide web for that purpose, and get the hottest news.

  30. These are genuinely impressive ideas in regarding blogging.
    You have touched some good points here. Any way keep up wrinting.

  31. I think the admin of this site is really working hard in favor of his web site, as here every material is quality based material.

  32. I’m gone to say to my little brother, that he should also go to see this website on regular basis
    to obtain updated from newest information.

  33. I’ve been browsing on-line more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any
    interesting article like yours. It is lovely price sufficient for me.
    In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made excellent content material as you probably did, the web can be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  34. My brother recommended I might like this blog.
    He was totally right. This post actually made my
    day. You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  35. Link exchange is nothing else however it is just placing the other person’s
    blog link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also do same in support of you.

  36. Thank you, I have just been searching for info approximately this subject for a long time and yours is the best I’ve found out till
    now. But, what about the conclusion? Are you positive concerning the supply?

  37. Hmm it appears like your blog ate my first comment (it
    was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up
    what I had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to the whole thing.
    Do you have any tips for novice blog writers? I’d certainly appreciate it.

  38. Hmm it seems like your site ate my first comment (it had been extremely long) therefore i guess I’ll just sum it up things i
    wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your site.
    I at the same time am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still unfamiliar
    with the whole thing. Have you got any helpful hints for beginner blog
    writers? I’d really appreciate it.

    Have a look at my website; EldenFRayson

  39. This info is worth everyone’s attention. When can I find out more?

    my blog post :: travelers notebook a5 size

  40. Do you have any video of that? I’d love to find out more details.

    Take a look at my web site – college ruled composition notebook bulk

  41. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your weblog.
    You have some really good articles and I believe I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange
    for a link back to mine. Please shoot me an email if interested.

    Check out my blog post: DebbyHRasole

  42. Undeniably consider that that you just stated. Your favorite reason seemed to be in the net the
    easiest thing to have at heart of. I believe that to you personally, I certainly get annoyed simultaneously
    as folks consider worries they just tend not to recognize about.
    You controlled hitting the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without any need side-effect , other folks could require a signal.
    Will likely be again to obtain more. Thanks

    my website :: midori traveler’s notebook regular size

  43. rather other injuries, conclude diagnosis is unavailable to provision them. online cialis As tedious dusting or aluminium, bleep the wee. Irksome: Recklessness.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *