Aprende a Catar – 2ª Parte

Estimado lector, antes de comenzar a leer este artículo te sugiero que revises los pasos básicos que hemos ofrecido en nuestro artículo anterior titulado: Aprende a Catar – 1ª Parte.

Muy bien, ahora continuemos con unos ejercicios fáciles y entretenidos para que vayas desarrollando la memoria olfativa y tu capacidad para discriminar los distintos sabores y aromas.


  1. Llena 4 vasos grandes con agua. Identifícalos cada uno, del 1 al 4.  Al vaso 1 le agregas dos gotas de limón, al vaso 2  cuatro gotas de limón, al vaso 3 ocho gotas de limón y al vaso 4 no le agregas nada. Con los ojos cerrados, y sin hacer trampas, identifica la Acidez en cada vaso – del menos acido al más acido.
  2. Repite el procedimiento anterior, pero usando algún licor o aguardiente sin mucho aroma (vodka, ron blanco,). Al vaso 1 le agregas dos gotas de licor, al vaso 2 cuatro gotas, al vaso 3 ocho gotas y al vaso 4 no le agregas nada. Con los ojos cerrados identifica el nivel de Alcohol, del menos etílico al más etílico.
  3. Repite el procedimiento una vez más, pero ahora con Azúcar. Al vaso 1 le agregas un cuarto de cucharita de azúcar, al vaso 2 media cucharita, al vaso 3 una cucharita y al vaso 4 no le agregas nada, y ahora, con los ojos cerrados, Identifica del menos dulce al más dulce.

Bien, una vez que te sientas seguro de poder identificar los distintos niveles de acidez, alcohol y azúcar, pasamos a desarrollar el olfato.


  1. Seguramente en la alacena de tu casa tienes una variedad de Especies (pimienta, clavo de olor, nuez moscada, anís estrellado, canela, vainilla). Colócalos separadamente y con los ojos cerrados trata de reconocer los aromas de cada uno.
  2. Repite el procedimiento con Hierbas (orégano, albahaca, tomillo, romero, hierbaluisa, menta).
  3. Haz de nuevo el ejercicio con aromas Empireumáticos (café, tabaco, te negro, chocolate, pan tostado, madera tostada, humo, etc.); con Frutas rojas (fresas, frambuesa, cerezas); con Frutas Moras (moras, grosellas, sauco, ); con Frutas Secas y Confituras; con Frutas de Semilla (durazno, melocotón, manzanas, peras, membrillo, ciruelas, etc.)

Este ejercicio lo puedes realizar con vegetales, hortalizas, carnes  y un sinfín de alimentos y bebidas. La idea es que sientas que tu capacidad de discernimiento y tu memoria olfativa están realmente in-crescendo. No debemos olvidar que los grandes catadores (Sommeliers, Perfumistas, Enólogos, etc.) son capaces de discriminar y memorizar cientos, y hasta miles de aromas distintos, y esto se debe a una práctica intensa, regular y constante.


De nada sirve entrenar nuestros sentidos si no lo llevamos a la práctica con unas cuantas copas de vino.

Escoge un tema específico, como por ejemplo Vinos Syrah del nuevo mundo, o una comparación de Vinos de la Rioja Alavesa, o de Vinos Blancos Aromáticos, y organiza una cata en tu hogar en compañía de tus familiares y amigos.  Si el bolsillo te lo permite, contrata a  un sommelier calificado y de confianza, o lo pagan entre todos, para que les instruya y les guíe de manera profesional. No te imaginas cuan divertido, sencillo, económico y formativo resulta una de estas veladas enológicas.

El Universo del Vino es infinito y está ahí, al alcance de tus manos, para que lo vivas y disfrutes a plenitud. Y recuerda siempre las premisas de un buen catador: a beber se aprende bebiendo, y menos es más…. A tu salud.

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